Some among the main monuments visited are:
The ramparts that give Lucca its characteristic appearance run right round the town. They were built during the 16C/17C in order to defend the city from a probable attack by the city of Florence… which never occurred. Planted with two rows of trees in the 19C, now they form an unusual park reserved for pedestrians and cyclists.
Cathedral of S. Martino
First example of Pisan Romanesque architecture in Lucca.
The interior is Gothic and contains the famous Medieval Crucifix “Volto Santo” and the Last Supper attributed to the Venitian painter, Tintoretto.
The tower was built by the Guinigi family during the 14th century. It’s 44 mt tall and it was a defensive costruction. During that very period, Lucca was divided into feuds and families fights might be very cruel! The tower was furnished with ropes so, in case the Guinigi family was attacked by their enemies, they might defend themselves climbing up to the top of their tower… Today there is a a garden on the top, 7 ilex trees and 230 steps to reach it, in order to take advantage of a fantastic view of the city and its “secret gardens”.
This Romanesque church was built at the place of an older Basilica dated 6C, founded S. Frediano, of Irish origins. The façade Iis dominated by a huge Byzantine – style mosaic of the Ascension dated 13C.
San Michele in Foro
The 13C façade displays the most exuberant and delicate features produced by the Pisan Romanesque style. A wok of extreme intricacy accentuating the depth of the arcades, multiplying the decorative motifs and developing the marble marquetry friezes depicting animals.
An unusual and enclosed oval space which occupies the site on an amphiteatre built by the Romans in I C. A.D.
The elegant shopping street among the most picturesque in Lucca.